Botswana became a member of the Commonwealth in 1966 soon after becoming a Republic but did not appear at a Commonwealth Games until 1974 in Christchurch, New Zealand. Botswana has appeared at all Commonwealth Games since 1974 missing only the 1978 Games held in Edmonton, Canada.
This landlocked plateau in Southern Africa has enjoyed silver and bronze medal success, notably in athletics and boxing, but it was on the athletics track at the Commonwealth Games in Delhi in 2010 that Botswana struck gold for the first time. Amantle Montsho ran home in 50.10 seconds to take first place in the Women's 400 metres. Nigel Amos maintained the goldrush in 2014 winning first place in the Men’s 800m in Glasgow.
The Commonwealth Games Association of Botswana is incorporated into the Botswana National Olympic Committee (NOC) which was properly recognised in 1978, in time for its first appearance at the Olympic Games in Moscow in 1980. The NOC is also responsible for its participation in the Commonwealth Youth Games.