The Republic of Malta entered the Commonwealth in 1964 but made their debut at the 1958 Games in Cardiff, Wales. Since then they have attended all Games bar 3 editions and have enjoyed medal success in judo and shooting. With the latter Malta enjoyed silver and bronze success at the 2006 Games in Melbourne. They participated in athletics, lawn bowls, shooting, squash and wrestling at the 2010 Games in Delhi.
In 2003 the Mediterranean island successfully hosted the Games for the Small States of Europe and were chosen as the venue for the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in December 2005 and again in 2015.
The Malta Olympic Committee is affiliated to the International Olympic Committee, Comite International des Jeux Mediteraneens, Commonwealth Games Federation, and the European Committee of the Games of Small States of Europe. The NOC is responsible for its participation in the Commonwealth Games and Commonwealth Youth Games.